PAT Testing Procedure

Portable Appliance Testing (or PAT Testing) is a legally required method of testing portable appliances. There are many stages that go towards the testing process. It will end with either a pass or fail result.

Portable Appliance Testing needs to look at certain safety elements. Amongst the things that can cause the failure is damage to cables, plugs and wires, overheating and signs of water damage. There should be no bare wires and no sign of internal damage.

The testing needs to be done according to the IEE (Institute of Electrical Engineers) guidelines. Before testing takes place anyone who is not part of the testing team should leave the premises.

The most basic part of the testing process is the visual inspection. Over 90% of problems are said to be found during this part of the process. It consists of the tester looking at the appliance and seeing if there are any obvious issues.

Here the tester will be able to see any poor wiring, cracked casing, bent pins and other damage. These are the most basic areas where appliances fail the PAT test.

The location that a particular appliance is used needs to be inspected. There must be sufficient ventilation (depending one the needs of the equipment), the area cannot be unreasonably damp, and controls to the equipment must be easily accessible.

An Earth Bond Test needs to be carried out during the testing process. Electrical Test Equipment is necessary for this part of the procedure. This is a test between the earth bond and continuity between the plug pin and external components. The voltage and test current is assessed during this process.

Other parts of the test are the insulation test and operational test.

The insulation test is necessary to ensure the insulation resistance is safe. The operational test simply consists of the tester switching the equipment on and testing out certain regular functions that it should perform, and making sure its performance is as expected.

Once testing has been completed the result of the PAT test should be clearly stated. The most common method of this is simply placing a label on the equipment. The label will say whether the appliance has passed or failed, and should also include more specific details of its condition. It will give the date of the test and the date at which another test will be necessary.

Equipment that is faulty or damaged should be removed from service immediately. It can then be determined whether or not the seriousness of the damage is sufficient for the equipment to be out of use.

PAT testing records are required to be kept for the duration of the life of the appliance. This is a legal necessity as it shows that tests have been carried out and the results of them.

The Three Essentials For Effective Small Business Web Design

To get the very most out of your small business web design or any type of business web design for that matter, you need to address three very important essentials.

The reality though, for many small business websites and blogs is that very few even come close to addressing just one of these essentials for good business web design and as a consequence many fall well short of providing any real benefit for the business they represent.

As a consequence this leaves the door wide open for businesses who understand these three essentials, to really take advantage and out compete their competition when it comes to being profitable and staying around for the long term.

Therefore the first essential for good small business web design is to be able to attract prospects. Many business websites have the ability to attract large volumes of traffic but very few of them have the ability attract traffic that is 100% relevant to what they selling and the reason why is this.

Very few small business websites have their keywords set up correctly. They often use keywords that are too broad, they use keywords that are irrelevant, they use the same set of keywords on every page and in some cases they don’t even use keywords at all. As a consequence all the good off site SEO they may be doing, which can send large volume of traffic to their site, can be wasted.

Therefore to increase the amount of prospects to your small business website your web design first needs to take into account good keyword research and good keyword usage throughout your site.

The next essential for good small business web design is to be able to stop your relevant traffic from clicking away once they land on your site. One of the biggest mistakes business owners make is they talk too much about themselves and their business. All prospects want to know about is what you can do for them to satisfy their needs and what the benefits are to them in either buying your products or using your services.

You, as a business owner, need to appeal to your customers needs and you need to do it in a manner that earns their trust and displays to them that you are credible and can follow through with your claims and promises. This is by far the biggest area where many small business web designs fall well short and consequently lose customers there and then.

The third essential to good small business web design has to do with the process of turning the prospect into a customer. This process begins with the second essential but won’t be completed unless you have one final essential ingredient, a “Call To Action”.

Now many websites do have a call to action but in many cases they are way too soft. They either infer that a certain action should be taken or they simple list a long list of features of their product or service and then expect the prospect to then just hit the buy button, fill in the contact form or pick up the phone to make an appointment.

Therefore to complete the process you need to tell your prospect exactly what you want them to do. It needs to be clear, it needs to be enticing and it needs to be credible.

So these are the three essentials to small business web design. You need to attract more prospects to your site, via the use of well researched keywords followed up with good off site SEO. You then need to be able to engage those prospects straight away, so they don’t click away by satisfying their needs and wants. Then finally you need to have a “Call To Action” that is enticing and appeals to what the prospect is looking for.

If you can integrate these three essentials into your small business web design you will be well on your way to having a profitable business site that adds value to your business and sends you customers like you’ve never seen before.

Drug Addiction Treatment – Effective Coping Strategies for Future Cravings

Drug addiction treatment helps thousands of addicts across the United States achieve lasting sobriety every year. Due to recent advances in neuroscience and psychology, rehab clinics are able to use a variety of proven methods in their drug addiction treatment programs. Though individual patients’ circumstances may vary, these methods work astoundingly well for almost all cases of addiction.

However, inpatient rehab programs last only one to three months. Addiction is treatable but not curable, and recovering addicts must manage drug cravings throughout the rests of their lives. Here are a few of the coping strategies rehab specialists teach their patients during drug addiction treatment.

Rationally Coping with Cravings

Many rehab clinics use cognitive-behavioral therapy to help patients stay sober once they leave their treatment facilities. These therapies teach addicts to relieve their negative emotions with logical thinking. This is a crucial skill, since emotional problems are so often the cause of drug abuse, addiction, and relapse. Addicts’ abilities to determine their own emotions are also important because control issues are often the root causes of addictions.

Avoiding Addiction Triggers

Every addict has personal addiction triggers – people, places, and physical objects which exacerbate their drug cravings. One of the best ways to avoid relapse is to avoid these triggers altogether.

For many addicts, the difficulty in avoidance lies in determining their personal triggers. During individual counseling sessions, addicts work with rehab specialists to make these discoveries so that they can successfully manage their cravings throughout life.

For other substance abusers, avoidance can be difficult to practice because of certain life circumstances. Rehab patients may have friends who still use drugs, stressful careers which induce cravings, or tough financial situations which produce chronic anxiety and compulsions to drink. Large lifestyle changes are often necessary to avoid these triggers.

Relaxation

Rehab patients often find their recoveries frustrated by anxiety, paranoia, and other high-stress emotional states. It is essential that addicts learn to calm themselves to mitigate the craving-inducing effects of these emotions. Meditation, prayer, and venting to close friends are useful relaxation techniques encouraged during rehab. Even vigorous exercise can provide relaxation because it signals the body to produce endorphins.

Daily Reflection

To take full advantage of the counseling they receive during drug addiction treatment, addicts must constantly monitor their mental and emotional states for signs of the thought patterns which initially led them to use drugs. Relapse isn’t always predictable, and drug cravings can take addicts by surprise. Even people who have been sober for years must consistently practice self-reflection in order to avoid a return to drugs or alcohol.

Continued Therapy and Support

Many addicts require continued support from their rehab clinics and communities to stay sober after their treatment programs. Some clinics offer additional counseling, group therapy, and family therapy to patients who need this extra help. Community resources can be invaluable as well – groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous allow addicts who have gone through rehab to come together and talk about their ongoing struggles. They can form accountability partnerships which strengthen their resolves to stay drug-free and live meaningful lives.

If you or someone you know is struggling with addiction, click the links below to find a treatment center near you. No matter how much you’re suffering, a drug addiction treatment program can help you get your life back on track.

All Credit Repair Companies Are Not Created Equal

With thousands of credit restoration companies conducting business across the country, finding the right one can be difficult and intimidating but it is imperative that you take the time required to not only find a reputable one but also find one that has the knowledge, experience and ability to provide the level of service you expect and the optimal results you deserve. Your decision should not be impulsive. Choosing a bad credit restoration organization will leave you vulnerable and increases the probability that further damage will be caused to your personal credit file but on the other hand, choosing a good credit restoration organization has the potential to be one of the best financial decisions of your life by dramatically cleaning up your personal credit file and improving your credit score. There are numerous items to consider beyond price when making your decision. Recognizing the difference between price and value is imperative as seeking assistance from a company in the credit repair industry is almost always a case of, “You get what you pay for”. The following paragraphs explain the four types of credit repair companies that make up the industry and what to expect from each.

Credit Repair Company Type 1:
The first type of credit repair company is typically a one-man show run out of a home office. In general, this type of company advertises extremely low rates for their service and will usually have unbelievable service guarantees to top it off. It is not uncommon for this type of credit restoration organization to be a complete scam and take the consumers’ money without providing any service at all. Moreover, if you are dealing with a company that falls into this category you are lucky if the only thing you lose is your money and not your identity in the process. In this day and age, identity theft is happening on epidemic proportions. Unless you know the company to be reputable, you should think twice before handing over your personal identification information.

While all credit restoration organizations that fall into this category are not scams, it is very common for the individual running this type of company to be completely unaware of the compliance all credit restoration organizations must adhere to. This company will typically use 3 or 4 standard dispute letters that are extremely generic and not intended to be used in every situation. Although using standard dispute letters may provide some level of positive results, their use also has the potential to further damage your credit. Moreover, the use of standard dispute letters usually only provides temporary results as the negative information removed from your personal credit file will most likely reappear on your credit file the next time it is reported by the creditor.

Credit Repair Company Type 2:
The second type of credit repair company generally appears to be much more legitimate. They will have a physical office but similar to credit repair company type 1, they only use the same standard dispute letters mentioned above. While typically not intending to operate illegally, compliance issues are usually overlooked. The largest difference between credit repair company type 1 and 2 is that the second usually makes use of an inexpensive software program that allows it to produce volume and handle clients on a much larger scale. The letters used are extremely generic and for that reason, will not get the best results possible. Although this type of credit restoration company may do a large amount of business, they are not setup to handle consumers that have specific credit related problems. This type of credit restoration company uses more of a cookie cutter approach.

The first two types of credit repair companies mentioned make up for more than 90% of the credit repair industry. Credit repair company type 3 and 4 are completely different and make up for less than 10% of the industry. It is very important to note the differences.

Credit Repair Company Type 3:
Not only is the third type of credit repair company usually compliant with the laws governing credit restoration organizations, but it is also usually well versed in the U.S. Code used to dispute negative credit items on the consumers’ credit file. Using more than just standard dispute letters, this type of company can be much more effective than the first two. Because this type of credit repair company has such a good understanding of the U.S. Code related to credit, it is typical for this type of company to offer custom credit repair work to its clients. The ability to provide custom work for its clients allows this type of company to go above and beyond the level of service provided by the first two types of credit repair companies.

Credit Repair Company Type 4:
The forth type of credit repair company is very much like the third type in that it is usually compliant with federal law, extremely well versed in the U.S. Code required to be effective in the credit repair industry and typically also offers to perform custom dispute work for its clients. The largest difference between credit restoration company type 3 and 4 is that credit repair company type 4 has attorneys on staff or is contracted with a law firm. Credit repair company type 4 will also usually be more expensive than the other three credit repair company types but will almost always be more effective. Not only can an attorney based credit restoration organization provide the best results possible, but a credit restoration organization that has attorneys on staff or is contracted with a law firm can also enforce the consumers’ rights should legal action be required to correct inaccurate items on a consumer’s personal credit file. Beyond that, by using an attorney based credit restoration company, the consumer can minimize the possibility that an item will be re-reported by a creditor as an attorney has the ability to take additional steps to block negative items from being re-reported on a consumer’s personal credit file. There are very few credit restoration organizations that fall into this category.

As you can see, it is not only important to find a credit restoration organization that is staffed with subject matter experts and has the ability to provide great results but it is also very important to find one that is compliant with the guidelines set forth by the federal government. Further, you should now understand the benefit of using a credit restoration company that has attorneys on staff or is contracted with a law firm. Your credit report has more of an influence in determining your financial future than most anything else. You should not put your credit report in the hands of just anyone. Choose a credit restoration company that is compliant, well versed in the related U.S. Code, staffed by subject matter experts and attorneys or employs the services of a law firm.

How To Raise Real Estate Investment Capital

Why Your Rich Uncle Won’t Invest with YOU!

Have you ever had a rich friend, uncle, or neighbor that will not open up their wallet to do business with you? There may be many reasons they refuse to do business with you. Let’s look at three common reasons and what you can do to get their attention:

1. Friends and family do not want money to get in the way of relationships. Disagreements over money have caused many rich families to become divided. One way around this is to create a company and make them a partner. Show them how investing in our company is no different from investing in a company in the stock market (except you both have more control). Set clear expectations of what each of you will provide to the company. If you’re smart, you’ll show them all the things you will do and all they have to do is write a check and examine the monthly/quarterly reports you send them. Your friends and family might also be more comfortable if you have other investors as well. There are many ways you can ease their fears and finding what those fears are is a good first step.

2. They don’t understand the investment. There is an old saying, “A confused mind says no”. Just because someone has accumulated some wealth does not mean they understand real estate investing. Here’s where you have to be very clear on what you do. You can’t overwhelm your investors with the blow by blow details. They need to know what you will do with their money, how they are protected, what their return will be and when they will receive payment. That is not to say you should hide any pertinent details, however they don’t care that you will be painting the rooms off-white.

3. You lack credibility. Let’s face it, unless you have a huge investment portfolio you are still somewhat unproven. And for that matter, friends and family have known us at our worst (they remember we got a D on a test back in the third grade). This is where your board of advisors and partners become extremely important. While Aunt Susie might be willing to loan you a couple hundred dollars, she wants to know her $100K is going to come back to her. If you have done some deals, make sure to highlight them in written format. Additionally, correctly chosen business partners or advisors with experience can also increase your credibility. To help with your personal credibility put together a professional looking credibility kit. To help with the credibility of the deal, put together all the numbers, pictures and a summary of the investment in a professional manner. (Personally I did not invest with a known “guru” because the presentation wasn’t done professionally). The details in the presentations matter.

Not all of your friends, family or neighbors with money will do business with you. If you want to increase your success rate then make sure you are sending out a clear, concise, and professional message. After you’ve done a few successful investments, they’ll be asking you to get involved.

Positives and downsides of being in a love

Being in a relationship can be biking for a rollercoaster. There are quite a few couples who happen to be experiencing repeated fights and some are finishing into breakup. But also, you are able to see couples who happen to be getting over that stage and continue being together. Some couples who broke up additionally are getting to be with you together as well as think that it is permanently or even forever. Having a lovely gf or perhaps a sweetheart doesnt always mean you may be ready for a serious dedication. There are teens that are entering in a relationship as a result of curiosity or even for companionship. However if you may be already during the ideal age and you have solid job, I bet that you are today looking for a boyfriend whom your share your whole life with and that you will utter pledge “until death do us element.

Of course, regarding traditional courting design, men are the one who will approach girls, request their name or even quantity consequently have them for a date. It requires not merely days but even weeks to catch a woman s heart (based on the kind of girl you want). If you need for a continuous boyfriend and want to end her up being your girlfriend, it is important to achieve her heart slowly and could make her trust you. Trust in a relationship is regarded as the fundamentals accordingly you better earn it. As for men who have Talking With women Tips, possibly they can find it frustrating to have a gf.

Win Ex GF Back is additionally bad and it will just result not get together but pity. You will need to understand your restrictions and have even a little pleasure on your own. Will not earn a guy or perhaps a women heart just because of pity. At the end during the day, it will not work and you should just suffer a lot.

If you need to educate yourself on more things about managing a relationship and exactly how to maintain it stronger, you are able to see quite a few websites in the internet that are ideal to study and love ideas on. Its also good for you to check out “Bue Best Relationship Tips” and understand about subjects and issues concerning relationship, get together and wedding. This can help you in getting ideas and actions in the things you have to do and dont.

Clinical explanation of Bronchiectasis

Permanent dilatation and distortion of the bronchi is called bronchiectasis. What is it’s effect to human health?

Etiology and Pathogenesis:

Most of the cases of bronchiectasis result from acquired causes.

• Obstruction to the bronchus due to any cause leads to distal collapse of the pulmonary segment. The pull on the bronchi by the collapsed alveoli leads to dilatation of the bronchi. In the initial stages this is reversible and the bronchi regain their normal size when the lung expands. If the obstruction persists, accumulation of mucus occurs distally, infection supervenes and the bronchial wall is destroyed permanently.

This results in permanent dilatation. The infective organisms are streptococci, pneumococci, Klebsiella, and anaerobes.

• Bronchiectasis may follow several viral infections without passing through the obstructive phase.

• Congenital defects in the bronchial wall lead to bronchiectasis. The classical example is Kartagener’s syndrome, which is characterized by dextrocardia, sinusitis, and defects of ciliary function in the bronchi and non-motile sperms.

• Middle lobe bronchiectasis is a sequel to pulmonary tuberculosis. This is caused by obstruction to the middle lobe bronchus by tuberculous glands. This is called “middle lobe syndrome” or “Block’s syndrome”.

Clinical features:

The clinical picture is very chronic, extending over several years.

The common site of lesion is the left lower lobe. Though children may be affected, usually symptoms manifest in early adulthood or middle age. Males are affected more than females. Digital clubbing is a prominent sign, sometimes being associated with hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy.

Postural cough with the production of large quantities of purulent and foul smelling sputum is the presenting complaint in most cases. On keeping for sometime, the sputum settles into 3 layers as described under lung abscess. Hemoptysis may occur frequently. This may be mild or severe. Recurrent infections such as pneumonia may develop. Repeated affection of the same lobe or segment should suggest the possibility of underlying bronchiectasis. Bronchiectasis sicca is the condition in which bronchiectasis presents with mild or severe hemoptysis without purulent sputum.

Physical examination may reveal impairment of the percussion note and diminution of respiratory sounds over the presence of coarse, persistent leathery rales. At times bronchiectasis may present with one of its complications. These include massive hemoptysis, recurrent pneumonia, emphysema, septicemia brain abscess, and cor pulmonale. Anemia develops in long standing cases due to chronic sepsis and recurrent hemoptysis. In untreated cases secondary amyloidosis may develop.

Diagnosis:

Bronchiectasis should be diagnosed by the long history, presence of clubbing, postural cough, coarse leathery rales over the affected part and reasonably normal general health. Once established, bronchiectasis is not curable by medical treatment.

Differential diagnosis

Bronchiectasis should be distinguished from chronic bronchitis and emphysema, lung abscess, tuberculosis, congenital cystic disease of the lung and malignancy. Lung abscess generally develops acutely. The right lower lobe is affected more often and the signs are localized. Tuberculosis is more common in the upper lobes and clubbing is not prominent in uncomplicated cases. Features like digital clubbing and copious sputum are seen in tuberculous bronchiectasis. Cystic disease is not uncommon. All age groups are affected. A long history or recurrent respiratory disease is present in the majority of cases. Clubbing is not prominent. The cysts may be localized or generalized. Clinical distinction from bronchiectasis is difficult. The presence of cysts in other organs like the kidneys, liver, etc, suggests the probability of congenital cystic disease of the lung. X-ray reveals the presence of soap bubble-like or ring shadows.

Diagnosis is confirmed by bronchography. This procedure is absolutely essential for determining the extent and type of bronchiectasis. Plain X-ray of the chest is not a reliable investigation to assess the site and extent of bronchiectasis.

Management

General measures include high protein diet, treatment of intercurrent infections, and removal of focal sepsis from the upper respiratory tract. Principles of specific therapy include postural drainage, administration of antibodies, respiratory exercises and in selected cases surgical excision. Postural drainage helps in clearing the bronchi and brings about relief. The patient should be instructed to practice postural drainage regularly. This gives relief of cough and also the foul smell. The fetid odor of the breath can be controlled by administering steam inhalations containing tincture benzoin or eucalyptus oil. The choice of antibiotic is determined by microbiological studies. Intermittent antibiotic therapy is required to clear infection and prevent exacerbation. The site of lesion may have to be excised if medical treatment fails.

Indications for surgery:

The following are the indications for surgery.

• The disease is localized to one lung or one segment and is not amenable to medical therapy.
• Socio-economic factors such as non-compliance by the patient
• Uncontrollable hemoptysis in which the site of origin of blood may be detected by emergency bronchoscopy and surgical resection has to be planned;
• To reduce the area of infection-even in bilateral disease sometimes surgical resection may have to be done on the more affected side, with a view to reducing the surface area of infection; and
• To remove an obstructive lesion which tends to perpetuate the condition, eg, bronchial growth or bronchostenosis?

I am Funom Theophilus Makama. I advertise through writing. As a platinum expert Author, I write lots of articles and hence promote interested websites, companies, groups, organizations, and communities through publishing and distributing my articles

Careers & Employment Information

There are excellent careers and employment opportunities available to recent graduates at universities across the country. These graduates will find these positions using the careers & employment information that is posted on many Internet employment websites.

These graduates will begin to suspect that a great career is ahead of them, when they see the pay scales offered in some of the careers and employment information that they see. Some of these young graduates might not be totally familiar with what a yearly salary should be in their field, and will take the careers and employment information about pay and benefits when they are first offered, without giving it a second thought.

There are many companies that are listed on these employment websites, and all of them are interested in hiring people with stellar qualifications, and they are clearly focused on getting them hired on with their company at the lowest salary price possible. They are not concerned with the careers and employment opportunities that these people have dreamed of for such a long time.

These employment office hiring specialist are interested in the employment information that is contained on their resumes though. They are looking for the best value return on their hiring dollars, and generally prefer to hire people with a lot of experience in the position that they are hiring for.

Many of these career opportunities can be found using the search engines that are offered on many Internet websites. If a person is interested in working for a Government agency, then all they would need is to find the government website that lists all of the careers and employment information for the positions that they are hiring for.

The career information that Government agencies list might be very brief in nature and may seem incomplete. Government hiring agencies will generally list the date that the position became opened, and will also provide the closing date that it will use to determine the last day that applicants can send in their applications.

A position description is normally part of the employment description that is provided on a Government job notice. Any other pertinent requirement to make a suitable application will also be listed in the careers & employment information on the Government website.

Some of the information provided on Government job announcements will also provide preferences for military service too. These are definitely good paying positions of employment and the careers and employment information is always read completely before an interview.

Alcohol Addiction Facts ? Rehab

If you are suffering from an alcohol addiction, you are not alone. Alcoholism is a word that sometimes has negative social connotations, and just because a person drinks alcohol does not mean that they are an alcoholic. The amount of alcohol consumed varies greatly from person to person that develops alcoholism, and is also affected by genetic predisposition, and social and emotional health. Alcohol by definition is a disease that results from a persistent use of alcohol despite negative personal, emotional, financial, and professional consequences. Heavy alcohol use accompanied by dependence and symptoms of withdrawal, and the inability to recognize that every bad thing has been related to an alcohol addiction.

The sometimes uncontrollable urge to drink leads to constant preoccupation with the drug. Also leads to arrests for drunk driving and extra expenses for a good dui lawyer

According to numerous online sources, the most common substance of abuse resulting in dependence in patients presenting for treatment is alcohol. Overcoming an addiction to anything can be difficult, but there is help and hope available to people who want to stop drinking and get their lives back on track. The mind is more powerful than any drug, and to discover this is to truly be on the road to recovery. Addicts have to make a conscious choice to get and stay sober, one day at a time, and learn how to control the cravings. It’s not something that can be done alone, which is why there are treatment facilities all over the country, most of which are privately owned substance abuse recovery centers. The philosophy of AA or Alcoholics Anonymous has proven to be helpful to many alcoholics in their fight against alcohol addiction, and the program is often used as an adjunct treatment with other therapies, such as in an inpatient setting. AA also encourages communication with a sponsor to help guide the addict through the recovery process, and provide support while working through the program.

Learn more about effects of alcohol as well as alcohol facts and the truth about alcohol addiction and drunk driving. Some online literature discusses at length what drives alcohol addiction, detailing the effects of alcohol and describes some of the research being done to correct drinking problems. Alcohol continues to be the most greatly abused substance despite the wide-spread negative consequences. Even after public outbursts, divorce, loss of employment, revocation of driving privileges, and loss of life and limb, alcoholics continue to drink because it is so highly addicted in people who are predisposed to this disease. If you or someone you know is giving part of their life to alcohol, encourage them to get help. It may take a series of bad events to get the point across, and for many alcoholics, this is what it takes to see their illness in a different light.

Car rental companies do provide dinner for toddlers, but will you look for it?

Of course, those of us with a good credit score can rent an RV and cook whenever we need food for the toddlers. That way, we can always take the emerging food preferences into account without undue waste and expense. It’s the same if we decide to go the route of camping. We can either pick the sites with cooking facilities or carry our own gas rings. Remember starting real fires in the middle of our current hot summer is not likely to endear us to Park Rangers and others trying to prevent wildfires from starting. So this gives you a shopping list of possible makes and models to shop for at the car rental agencies if you propose carrying outdoor cooking equipment.

Otherwise you load the people into the vehicle and set off into the wild blue yonder, full of the joys of the road and hope in your hearts. Those of you with toddlers will know they are just learning about the world and beginning to take some control over how they relate to it. One of the first symptoms of toddler control comes in emerging taste preferences. This is not to say any child should have a say over what gets put on the plate, but practical reality may call for some negotiation over how much is eaten. Most children go through phases of being picky. Many never seem to emerge from this phase. If you’re lucky, the child will only eat something available at every diner or restaurant. This may be macaroni cheese which has the benefit of being relatively cheap and nutritious, or it may be junk food which will encourage faster growth around the waist. Either way, you need food storage in the vehicle you rented so that, if there’s a mutiny and all outside food is refused, you can fall back on snacks when the real hunger kicks in.

Hopefully, the car rental companies offered guidance on the diners and restaurants offering child-friendly portions at reasonable price. If not, spend time on the internet searching out the likely places to eat. Never assume all diners will cater for your toddlers.